What is genetic resource?
"Genetic resources" means genetic material of actual or potential
"Genetic material" means any material of plant, animal, microbial or
other origin containing functional units of heredity.
These terms are defined by Internatonal Convention on Biological
Diversity, signed also by the Czech Republic. National programme
fulfills obligations arising from the Convention.
What is the importance of microbial genetic resources for agriculture?
Microorganisms have been used as tools for the production for
millennia. Their various properties can be utilized in a wide range of
possible applications, such as biological control of pests and
diseases in agriculture and horticulture; production of natural
products for pharmaceutics, food industry and other applications,
composting, bioremediation of soil and detoxification of wastes. They
play a major role in soil fertility and plant, animal and human health
and are employed in diagnostics, efficacy testing of drugs, biocides,
vaccine production and disinfectants or as reference strains.