The Czech National Programme on Conservation and Utilization of Microbial Genetic Resources Important for Agriculture


What is genetic resource?

"Genetic resources" means genetic material of actual or potential value.
"Genetic material" means any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity. 
These terms are defined by Internatonal Convention on Biological Diversity, signed also by the Czech Republic. National programme fulfills obligations arising from the Convention.

What is the importance of microbial genetic resources for agriculture?

Microorganisms have been used as tools for the production for millennia. Their various properties can be utilized in a wide range of possible applications, such as biological control of pests and diseases in agriculture and horticulture; production of natural products for pharmaceutics, food industry and other applications, composting, bioremediation of soil and detoxification of wastes. They play a major role in soil fertility and plant, animal and human health and are employed in diagnostics, efficacy testing of drugs, biocides, vaccine production and disinfectants or as reference strains.

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