Department of Bacteriology
The department’s role, as the only research centre of its kind in the Czech Republic, is to monitor the occurrence and harmfulness of bacterial pathogens on crops of economic importance, analyse the potential risk of the emergence and development of epidemics of bacterial diseases, and elaborate control measures against them.
Up to the present, targeted research has been carried out on the structure of populations of plant pathogenic bacteria in the Czech Republic on lucerne, bean, pea, tomato, potato and apple tree. The most intensively studied genera of plant pathogenic bacteria are Clavibacter, Pseudomonas, Erwinia,and in recent years also Streptomyces. The latest methods are used for the detection and determination of bacteria of interest for plant health, including biochemical (Biolog MicroPlate Identification System), chemical (fatty acid analysis - Sherlock), immunochemical and molecular methodology.
Regarding control measures, most attention has been paid to genetic methods. Departmental research has contributed in the development of lucerne varieties more resistant to bacterial wilt and Verticillium wilt. The degree of resistance of hawthorn species, apple and pear varieties and roostocks have been evaluated for resistance to fire blight bacterium. A suite of measures against vascular wilt in lucerne, premature dying-off of cherry trees, bacterial fire blight of rosaceous plants, and bacterial ring rot in potatoes, have been devised.